What is CBD and how does it work?
CBD can be found naturally occuring in the the family of plants called cannabis. Hemp and marijuana both derive from the cannabis family. Although they have many similarities, there are several and distinct differences.
Cannabinoids such as CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabidiol) naturally occur in hemp and marijuana, in addition to hundreds of other cannabinoids and terpenes (responsible for scents). Depending on which type of cannabis the cannabinoids are extracted from, you can achieve different yields of CBD and THC. Hemp extracts will contain a majority of CBD and very little THC verses marijuana extracts, which will contain more THC and little CBD.
Does CBD get you "high"?
Unlike THC, CBD is completely non-psychoactive (no negative side effects of “getting high”), and CBD can actually negate the psychological effects of THC. For our purposes and mission, we primarily focus on delivering CBD infused products such as tinctures, edibles, and topicals to promote a healthy and active lifestyle.
CBD vs THC
Since the discovery of the endocannabinoid system in the early 1990's, CBD has not been extensively studied until much recently. Below is a comparison chart of CBD vs THC and prospective uses that are undergoing clinical research with some promising results for future medical research and application.
What is the Endocannabinoid System (ECS)?
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) was first discovered in the early 1990's when scientists investigated how THC, the main cannabinoid in marijuana, affected the body. Since this discovery they found that the human body expressed a vast and complex network of cannabinoid (CBD) receptors, and that the human body also makes endogenous CBD called anandamide that is critical in maintaining the central nervous system.
Two types of CBD receptors exist throughout the body. CBD1 receptors are expressed primarily in the brain (hypothalamus, hippocampus, and amygdala), the central nervous system, intestines, and many other important organs. Benefits from CBD1 receptor activation include relieving depression and anxiety, lowering blood pressure, decreasing intestinal inflammation, in addition to other benefits. CBD2 receptors are found in the peripheral nervous system throughout the body, which is critical in regulating functions of the immune system.
Overall, the ECS system is shown to promote overall homeostasis that can regulate all major systems in the body affecting everything from appetite, sleep, pain, inflammation, mood, memory, and reproduction. With so many receptors and potential uses and benefits for promoting overall health and function, the ECS and CBD remains one of the hottest research topics today.
CBD Isolate vs Broad Spectrum vs Full Spectrum
Cannabinoids such as CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabidiol) naturally occur in hemp, in addition to hundreds of other cannabinoids and terpenes. Depending on the strain of cannabis and method used for extraction, the composition of the cannabinoid profile will differ. Unlike marjuana, which consists of much more THC than CBD, the hemp we grow yields more CBD than THC.
Full spectrum: Full spectrum CBD contains all terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids, including CBD and some THC*. *Note that Our CBD products are derived from hemp, therefore our THC content is below the legal limits of 0.3% THC.
Broad spectrum: Broad spectrum is made by extracting THC from the full spectrum CBD. All essential oils, terpenes, and other cannabinoids are retained.
CBD Isolate: CBD isolate is when only CBD is extracted from the oils, which yields the purest form of CBD. Because the terpenes are also stripped from the isolates, there should be no taste or smell, which makes it preferable to people who do not like the taste of broad and full spectrum CBD.
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic molecules that are present in Cannabis and a wide variety of plants. Terpenes account for aromas and flavors produced by the essential oils of many types of plants. Terpenes induce distinct effects on the human body that vary between different types. Along with providing their own independent benefits, terpenes work together with cannabinoids to produce an array of effects and therapeutic benefits known as the entourage effect.
What is the "Entourage Effect"?
The Entourage Effect is the synergetic effect that results when various natural components within a plant interact together within the human body to produce different, often stronger, effects than caused by any one of those components used alone. In the case of Cannabis these various components include terpenes and cannabinoids.
Does CBD show up on drug tests?
Because hemp belongs to the same cannabis family as marijuana, many new users face a common concern when trying CBD for the first time. Hemp and marijuana both produce CBD, but they are classified differently under the law based on their concentration of THC(Tetrahydrocannabinol), the compound that gives users a “high”. Hemp contains very low levels of THC, versus marijuana which can cause psychological effects that makes marijuana illegal in some states. Drug tests are designed to detect only THC, not CBD. Depending on the type of CBD product used, only full spectrum CBD (although only has trace amounts of THC) can show positive for THC if used over a long period of time. CBD isolate and broad spectrum CBD do not contain any THC and will not test positive for THC in drug tests. While full spectrum can deliver enhanced benefits from the full cannabinoid spectrum (the “entourage effect”), the possible presence of THC is a risk that should be avoided if you will be regularly drug tested.